Internal Wind Turbine Blade Inspection with Elios 2 Cuts Inspection Time in Half, Allows 40% More of Blade to Be Inspected

Power company Ørsted tested the Elios 2 for an offshore wind turbine inspection and found that it helped them inspect 40% more of the turbine's blade, improve safety, and cut the time needed for the inspection in half.

Benefits in a nutshell


Using the Elios 2 to inspect a wind turbine blade internally allowed inspectors to collect visual data on 40% more of the blade than would have been possible in a human-based inspection.


Internal wind turbine blade inspections typically require an inspector to crawl into a blade to collect visual data. The Elios 2 eliminated this need, allowing inspectors to remain safely outside of the blade.

Speed & ROI

The Elios 2 allowed inspectors to cut the time needed to collect visual data in half. For wind farms operators, every second a turbine is down represents lost potential revenue, so the increase in speed for the inspection also means an increase in revenue.


Ørsted A/S (formerly DONG Energy) is a Danish multinational power company based in Fredericia, Denmark

It is the largest energy company in the country, and a global leader in promoting practices that are friendly to the environment and designed to help reduce climate change.

Ørsted currently has investments in a variety of green energy solutions, including:

  • Offshore and onshore wind energy
  • Solar energy
  • Bioenergy

Wind Power LAB is a Danish company that was founded in Copenhagen in 2016. It delivers automated products and services for the wind power industry related to blade defect assessments and blade risk management. Its goal is to deliver the best available and robust solution for automated blade defect detection, repair recommendation, and engineering advice.

Together, Ørsted and Wind Power LAB have worked to develop, test, and validate an inspection process based on using the Elios 2 for wind turbine blades.

[Related read: Wind Turbine Drone Inspection: A Guide]

Customer Needs

As with traditional power generation practices, all of Ørsted’s green energy operations require regular maintenance. 

This means that Ørsted must schedule periodic inspections of the different assets it uses in its power generation work. In wind energy alone, the company owns 600 wind turbines, and each one must be inspected once a year.

A typical internal wind turbine blade inspection requires an inspector to physically enter the blade. While inside, the inspector collects visual data on the condition of the turbine’s blades.

Each blade has two or more chambers separated by a web. The surface of the blade within these chambers is made of a strong compound of laminated materials glued together, which can present a reflective surface.

Both sides of the blade—or each chamber—must be inspected in order to identify damage from lightning (see image below), missing bolts, cracks, or other defects that could compromise the blade’s integrity.


During these blade inspections, an inspector is only legally allowed to reach a certain depth into the blade, which means that a significant portion of the blade is left uninspected.

Last  year, the Ørsted team decided to test drone technology in an internal wind turbine blade inspection to see if it might allow for deeper entry, and whether it could potentially make the overall inspection process more efficient.


Ørsted planned its test of the Elios 2 for a wind turbine at one of its offshore wind farms.

As part of the test, Ørsted wanted to experiment with attaching a UNISET device onto the Elios 2 in order to understand the accuracy of the data captured, as well as the feasibility of putting an additional payload onto the drone.

The UNISET is a device that makes it possible for inspectors to know the exact distance the drone is from it when flying into the blades, which then allows them to determine the precise location of any defects found during the flight.


The four goals for the test were to determine:

  • Access. How much deeper the Elios 2 might allow inspectors to fly within a blade.
  • Safety. Whether the Elios 2 could eliminate the need for an inspector to enter the blade at all.
  • Speed. How much faster the Elios 2 might be able to make the blade inspection process.
  • UNISET payload. Whether the Elios 2 could hold the UNISET device to allow inspectors to get highly accurate locational and distance data for pinpointing where specific images were captured within the turbine.


Ørsted personnel found the test to be a success on all four fronts.

In order to fly the Elios 2 inside the turbine, the drone pilot sat in a hub where all three blades meet. 


From this hub, a manhole provides access to the chamber that holds the blades. The pilot flew the Elios 2 through the manhole, entering the chamber where the visual data needed to be collected for the turbine inspection.

Testing Outcomes—Benefits to Using the Elios 2 for aN Internal Wind Turbine Blade Inspection

Here are the benefits the Ørsted team found in testing the Elios 2 for an internal wind turbine blade inspection:

  • Finding #1—Access. The Elios 2 allowed inspectors to collect visual data on 40% more of the turbine’s blade than a human could have gathered. The Elios 2 easily went beyond 32 meters (105 feet) into the blade.
  • Finding #2—Safety. Using the Elios 2 to collect visual data removed the need for an inspector to physically enter the blade, mitigating safety risks for inspection personnel by eliminating the hazard of confined spaces.
  • Finding #3—Speed. The Elios 2 cut the total time needed for the inspection in half, while inspecting an area 40% larger than what would be possible using manual methods. This time reduction means that the turbine could get back online more quickly, representing significant potential savings for the wind farm operator.
  • Finding #4—UNISET payload. The Elios 2 carried the UNISET device just fine, and inspectors were able to use the data it collected to determine the exact location of damage found within the turbines. This information could then be sent to technicians for evaluation and repair, as needed.

Watch this video to see footage captured during the wind turbine inspection:

A Note on Data Localization

Instead of using a UNISET payload to pinpoint the location of defects, inspectors of wind turbines can now use Flyability’s Inspector 3.0 software.

Inspector 3.0 allows inspectors to create a sparse point cloud with detailed locational data, which can then be shared with technicians and other project members to pinpoint the exact location of defects found during an inspection mission.

This software was actually tested during the wind turbine mission and proved useful for localizing defects, along with the UNISET data.

Learn more about Inspector 3.0 now.


Given the success of the test, Ørsted is currently exploring the possibility of implementing regular drone inspections for its offshore wind turbines. 

It is also looking into other possible drone inspection use cases throughout its green energy assets, with an eye to helping make its operations safer, more efficient, and more cost effective.

Implementation may take some time, and the actual inspection work may ultimately be performed by third party contractors hired to do inspections. But the Elios 2’s inspection technology is promising, and could represent significant improvements for internal wind turbine blade inspections.


Power Generation

Benefits in a nutshell Best tool for the job

Power Generation

Personnel at a decommissioned power plant owned by Vattenfall used the Elios 3 to create 3D models inside a "no go" zone, improving their understanding of […]

Power Generation

Exelon Clearsight utilized the Elios 2 for an ASME XI nuclear containment building inspection, resulting in a net savings of over 300 billable hours: […]

Power Generation

TVA tested the Elios 2 for the inspection of a scrubber at one of its power plants and found that it helped keep personnel safer while significantly […]

Power Generation

Pampa Energía, the largest independent energy company in Argentina, invested in the Elios 2 after saving $420,000 in its first test of the Elios 1 for […]

Power Generation

DTEK, an energy company based in Ukraine, recently tested the use of the Elios 2 for a chimney inspection and a boiler inspection at one of their power […]

Power Generation

Valmet, a top provider of industrial technologies and services for the pulp, paper, and energy industries, used Flyability’s Elios drone to inspect a […]

Power Generation

RoNik Inspectioneering wanted to thoroughly test Flyability's new drone, the Elios 2, to see what it could do to support indoor inspections. RoNik […]

Power Generation

Elios was used to complete the inspection of a gas turbine stack at a major energy facility – saving thousands of euros and days of time.

Power Generation

Flyability’s collision-tolerant Elios UAV has been used at a major nuclear power plant, proving the case for Elios in the normally inaccessible spaces of […]

Power Generation

Ronik Inspectioneering, a Dutch inspection company, together with Flyability performed the general visual inspection of the boiler of a coal-fired power […]